The impact and consequences of AIDS/HIV in India
“Whenever AIDS has won, stigma, shame, distrust, discrimination and apathy was on its side. Every time AIDS continues to be defeated, it is because of trust, openness, dialogue between individuals and communities, support of loved ones, human solidarity, plus the human perseverance to get new paths and solutions.” – Michel Sidibé, Executive Director, UNAIDS
What are AIDS and HIV?
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the result of a virus called HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The disease changes the body’s defence mechanism, making people very prone to infections and diseases. This vulnerability gets worse since the syndrome progresses, sometimes with fatal results.
HIV is really a virus: Specifically, HIV may be the virus, which attacks the T-cells (CD-4 cells) in the body’s defence mechanism.
AIDS is really a medical condition: AIDS will be the syndrome, which appears in an advanced stage with the HIV infection.
The HIV infection could cause AIDS to produce but it can be possible being infected with HIV without developing AIDS. However, with no treatment, the HIV infection can progress and, eventually, become AIDS in most examples. Once an AIDS diagnosis is created, most commonly it is a part of a patient’s health background.
What causes HIV and AIDS?
A retrovirus that infects the vital organs and cells on the human body’s defence mechanism, HIV develops inside the absence of antiretroviral therapy (ART) – a drug therapy that slows, and may prevent, the development of new HIV viruses.
The rate of virus progression in numerous individuals differs widely, according to many factors including:
The body’s capability to defend itself against HIV
Access to healthcare
Other infections the affected person may have
The person’s genetic inheritance
Resistance to particular strains of HIV
How is HIV transmitted?
Sexual transmission: Contact with infected sexual fluids (rectal, genital, or oral mucous membranes) while sporting unprotected sex with someone have contracted HIV
Perinatal transmission: A mother can pass the problem on to her child during childbirth, pregnancy and breastfeeding
Blood transfusion: Transmission of HIV through blood transfusion is quite low in civilized world, due to meticulous screening and precautions. This is often not the case inside the developing world
Early warning signs of HIV infection
Many people who have HIV do not have symptoms for a few months, or maybe years, after being infected. Others may develop symptoms just like flu, usually two to six weeks after being infected through the virus. The warning signs of early HIV infection occasionally includes fever, chills, joint problems, muscle aches, sore throat, sweats (particularly during the night), enlarged glands, red rash, tiredness, general weakness and weight reduction.
Myths and information about HIV and AIDS
There a variety of misconceptions about HIV and AIDS which can be not determined by scientific and medical facts. The virus CANNOT be transmitted by:
touching unbroken skin
using a similar toilet
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation or any other forms of “casual contact”
Is there cure for AIDS and HIV?
Currently, there isn’t any vaccine or cure for HIV, but certain treatments have evolved which can be much more effective and tolerated – enhancing the patients’ overall health and well being considerably – by only taking one pill each day.
Certain treatments can slow the course in the condition, allowing most infected people the opportunity live long and relatively healthy lives. Starting HIV antiretroviral treatment early is essential. According to the World Health Organization’s guidelines, issued in June 2013, early treatment raises the quality of life, extends life span and lessens the risk of transmission.
How can HIV be prevented?
To prevent being have been infected with HIV, doctors advise using following precautions:
Avoid the risks of unprotected sex: Having sex with no condom can put an individual at likelihood of being have contracted HIV along with other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Drug abuse and needle sharing: Intravenous drug use is a vital factor in HIV transmission, especially in civilized world. Sharing needles can expose users to HIV as well as other viruses, for instance hepatitis C.
Body fluid exposure: Exposure to HIV might be prevented by utilizing precautions to cut back the likelihood of exposure to contaminated blood. Healthcare workers should use barriers (gloves, masks, protective eyewear, shields and gowns).
Pregnancy: Some treatments can harm the baby. To protect the child’s health, delivery through caesarean section might be necessary. HIV-infected mothers shouldn’t breastfeed.
The incredible importance of education: This is a factor in cutting risky behaviour that ends up with HIV/AIDS.
Social stigma related to AIDS
Fear all around the growing HIV epidemic inside the 1980s persists right now. At the time, since little or no was known about HIV and the way it is transmitted, the illness scared people on account of their concern with being infected.
This fear, even now, ensures that lots of people still believe HIV and AIDS:
Still ends in death
The syndromes’ association with behaviours that more and more people still disapprove of – like homosexuality, drug use, sex work or infidelity
That the syndrome is transmitted through sex, which is really a taboo subject in most cultures
The infection is on account of personal irresponsibility or moral flaws that deserve being punished
False information about how genital herpes is transmitted, giving rise to irrational behaviour and misconceptions about personal risk